What would a drum set be without toms? A car without wheels? A plane without wings? A donut without holes? These percussive heroes enable us to add so much color and expression to our drumming, and they have always been an integral part of the drum set.

So far in our 5 Essential Facts Series, we have covered the main parts of the drum set; specifically the cymbals, snare drum, bass drum, and hardware. In the last article of this series, we discuss the important things that beginner drummers need to know about toms. What are they? When and why are they used? We talk sizes, shell construction and drum heads, and discover why some drum sets have just a couple, and some have many. Don't forget the Drum Ambition Glossary if you need help with any confusing terms (and the drum world is full of them), and if you want to dive deeper, check out our book, The Ultimate Survival Guide for Beginner Drummers.

The 5 Essential Facts Series.

The Snare Drum - 5 Essential Facts.

The Bass Drum - 5 Essential Facts.

Cymbals - 5 Essential Facts.

What is Drum Hardware? 5 Essential Facts.

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1. Toms are an essential part of drum set musicality, and a lot of fun to play.

We've already talked about the snare and bass drum in previous articles. So, the remaining drums that are mounted above the bass drum or suspended by legs, are the toms.

In the image above, we see two bass drum mounted toms (clear drum heads), and to the right (clear drum head), a floor standing tom, referred to as the floor tom.

Toms can be incorporated into music in many ways, but they are used the most in constructing drum fills. If you would like to see and hear what a drum fill is, and how the toms contribute to the musicality of fills, check out our free video on this topic. Drum Ambition has you covered on fills, with over 15 dedicated videos on this topic alone, in our thoughtfully constructed curriculum. Aside from their effectiveness in drum fills, toms are a lot of fun to play. From the singing high pitches of the smaller drums, to the enthralling low-end boom and punch of the larger floor toms; these drums are an essential part of the drummer's musical palette.

2. The sizes, and number of toms in a drum set can vary.

If you are in the market for a starter drum set, it's likely that most options will come with three toms, as shown in the image. Be sure to check the product specification carefully though, because there are exceptions. For example, some manufacturers sometimes offer a free add-on tom, and some sets only have two toms. Most beginners learn on a drum set with at least three toms. Jazz drummers often prefer a two tom situation, with one bass drum mounted tom and one floor tom, and some drummers have multiple toms, depending on the style of music they are playing. You can have as many or as few as you wish, but we recommend three for starting out, and as mentioned, most starter packages accommodate this. Toms range in size from 8 inches to 18 inches in diameter, and most starter sets normally comprise of three toms; usually in a "rock" configuration of 12, 13 and 16 inch drums, a "fusion" configuration of 10, 12 and 14 inch drums, or a "hybrid" configuration of 10, 12, and 16 inch toms. We talk more about the size options, features and benefits in this article.

3. Toms have different tones, and the shells can be constructed from different woods.

It makes sense that the tone of the drum changes significantly, depending on the diameter of the drum. 8 and 10 inch toms provide the highest pitch options, 12 and 13 inch toms provide the mid-tones, while 14, 16, and 18 inch floor toms provide the lower tones. The depth of the drum makes a difference too, and deeper toms tend to resonate more than shallow drums. The latter, however, can sit lower to the bass drum and are easier to position. It's not something you need to worry about, since starter packs have drums with pre-determined, popular dimensions. Toms are mostly constructed from wood, and different types of wood have different sound characteristics, as we discuss in this article.

4. Toms can be mounted in different ways.

Smaller and mid-size toms can be either bass drum mounted (where the toms attach to the bass drum using a mounting post and tom holder), or suspended from a cymbal stand using a clamp and tom arm. Toms that do not have legs are generically described as rack toms, regardless of how they are mounted. This is mostly due to the fact that they could be mounted from big frames called "racks", which were more common in the 1980s and 1990s, and while you can still see them today, they are usually used by professional and touring drummers with many toms and cymbals. Floor toms typically have legs, and while there was once a trend of mounting larger toms from cymbal stands and racks, this is mostly the preserve of yesteryear.

5. The drum heads make a big difference to the sound.

The drum heads are the plastic surfaces that attach to the drums, that we hit with the stick. Known in the past as "drum skins", they are no longer manufactured from animal calfskin, and thus the description has evolved over time. Drum heads are always included with drum set purchases. Some manufacturers already fit them for you, and some you have to fit yourself. You can see this process in full swing in our free video, How Do I Assemble A Drum Set? On many starter drum sets, these heads are very basic models, and you can significantly improve your drum sound with an upgrade. This article will walk you through all of the options.

If you have any questions on this article, please feel free to email [email protected].

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