The world of drums and percussion, and music in general, is filled with many weird and wonderful words. A drum head is the new accepted term for what we once called a drum skin. You tighten your drum heads by adjusting the tension bolts, and you fit the head onto the bearing edge of your drum shell. Just this one paragraph has multiple drum terms that can be confusing to beginner drummers, and we haven't even touched the really weird ones like batter heads, hybrid drums, crotchets and x-hats. What is a rack tom, and why might you need a memory lock? How does a rim shot differ from a rim click? How does a boom cymbal stand compare to a straight stand, and what on earth is a snare basket?
Drum Ambition subscribers have access to a full glossary of terms, but we thought we would make this available to everyone. If you like the detail of our glossary, then you might just like the detail of our lessons. If there is a term that you need help with that is not covered in our glossary, send us an email and we'll come back with the answer: [email protected].
This terms refers to traditional drums typically with wood shells (or in some cases, acrylic or metal shells - particularly with snare drums). They are fitted with drum heads on both sides, and are not electronic drums.
An "accent" is a musical note that is played slightly stronger than other accompanying notes. Therefore, it is "accentuated" or "accented". See also dynamic strokes. In musical notation, it is represented as a right facing arrow (>) above the note in question. Check out Drum Ambition Lesson 20 to see how this works.
Air Drums / Air Drumming.
Well worthy of a Glossary mention! Air drumming is the art of playing the drums without actually having any drums to hit! It's a lot of fun, a big hit at parties, and a must for any Rush fan. Above all though, it's actually a great way to learn the early days of drumming - in fact, our blog explains how this can effectively replace a drum set when starting out.
Auxiliary Snare Drum.
A second snare drum, usually positioned to the left of the hi hats. The purpose of the auxiliary snare drum is to provide a different snare sound to the main snare, and thus give more sound options for different musical situations.
This term usually refers to the snare drum being played on beat 2 and 4. (If in a 4/4 time signature).
Also referred to as Measures. Bars are the individual “boxes” on a music staff that contain the music notation. If you were to play one bar four times in succession, you could say that you have played “Four bars of time”. This is a phrase used to tell you that you have repeated a given pattern four times.
Also known as the Kick Drum. The drum which lies on the floor and is played using a bass drum pedal. Bass drums emit low frequency bass tones and are often referred to as the Kick Drum. Bass drums can be anything from 18 inches to 28 inches in diameter in some cases, but the most common sizes are 18” (popular with jazz applications) and 20/22” bass drums (popular for most other genres). Some drummers use two bass drums in their set ups, but the second bass drum has been largely made redundant by the creation of the double bass drum pedal. Bass drums have legs to keep them in position, and sharp spurs to stop them from siding. Be careful if you have wood floors! A carpet (or drum rug) is always a good idea to protect your floor and stop your bass drum from sliding when you are playing.
Bass Drum Beater.
This is the striking device found at the end of a bass drum beater shaft. It strikes the bass drum head when controlled via a bass drum pedal. Beaters are usually made from felt, plastic or wood - and each of these different materials produce a different sound, or “attack” on the bass drum head.
Bass Drum Beater Shaft.
This is the long shaft that attaches to the bass drum pedal drive system at one end, and has a bass drum beater at the other. It is usually adjusted via a small tension bolt on the drive system.
Bass Drum Pedal.
This is the foot pedal unit that is attached to the bass drum hoop, and used with the foot to play the bass drum. Single bass drum pedals have one beater and one foot pedal, and double pedals have two beaters, and a “slave” pedal which controls a second beater. This takes away the need for a second bass drum. The pedals are usually driven by a chain or strap system, and the tension of the pedal can be adjusted to suit the individual. A word of advice though: the factory setting is nearly always the most effective!
See also Drum Heads. Batter heads refer to the top drum head on snare drums and toms, and the striking head on a bass drum. Bottom heads are referred to as resonant heads.
In music notation, the line that “bridges” certain note groupings together is often referred to as a beam. Eighth notes have single beams, sixteenth notes have double beams, and thirty second notes have three beams. This concept is explained in detail in the Music Notation videos of Drum Ambition.
This refers to the edge of a drum, on which the drum head sits. The bearing edge of a drum is normally at an angle, leading to minimal contact between shell and drum head - this increases the resonance of the drum.
Boom Cymbal Stand.
A boom cymbal stand is a cymbal stand which has an arm (known as a boom arm) in the top section, which can be adjusted to the desired height and angle. They are ideal for fine tuning the positing of your cymbal setup, and can be used generally for crash cymbals, ride cymbals and effect cymbals. Be aware that sometimes the boom arm is tucked away in the top section of the stand, giving it the initial appearance of a straight cymbal stand. Boom Cymbals Stands are either single or double braced. (See Double Bracing).
BPM Beats Per Minute.
See also tempo. In music, the tempo (which indicates how fast or slow a beat may be) is measured in terms of Beats Per Minute, or abbreviated to BPM. If you are working in a 4/4 time signature (see Time signatures) then a 60bpm tempo (which is the equivalent speed to 1 second clicking on a clock) will occur 60 times in one minute. Metronomes can be used to determine song speeds, and are a good practice tool to develop timekeeping. (See Metronome).
Brushes are essentially drum sticks that have multiple wire or plastic strands at the end, instead of a plastic or wood tip. They are used mostly in jazz playing, and often on the snare drum, although their application can be a lot broader than this. (Quiet and softer general playing, for example). Retractable brushes refer to a handle that pulls the wires into the body of the brush when not in use - thus preserving the delicate wires.
Also known as Chinese/Oriental Cymbals. China cymbals are popular effects cymbals. They are inverted at the edge, and are typically seated in what seems to be an upside down position on the cymbal stand. Their sound can be best described as very “trashy”, and they have a very quick decay - meaning that they have a short, sharp sound. Mini-China cymbals are very high pitched and vary in size from 12-14 inches. Traditional sized china cymbals can vary from 16-22 inches in diameter, with 18 and 20 inch variants being the most common models.
Chops and "Chop Building".
A musician who is said to have "good chops" has good technique. "Chop building" is a term used to describe the honing and development of technique.
A clef can be found on the music staff, and indicates the pitch in which the music is played. Common musical clefs include the bass clef and treble clef, and of particular interest to us is the percussion clef. The percussion clef consists of two vertical lines at the start of each line on the musical staff.
A term normally used in the recording studio or live performance environment, referring to the metronome that keeps the drummer and/or band in close sync. The "click-track" is set at a pre-determined tempo, and is heard by the drummer and other musicians through a set of head phones or ear piece.
See Time Signatures.
See also cymbals. Crash cymbals typically vary in size from 14 inches up to 20 inches - the most common being 16 and 18 inches. Smaller diameter cymbals tend to be higher pitched, and larger diameter cymbals are lower pitched. They are usually hit following a drum fill (or “fill-in”) or to mark a part of the drum beat you wish to emphasize. They are particularly effective when hit at same time as the bass drum.
These cymbals are named crash/ride cymbals for their dual purpose - for crashing and riding, all on the same cymbal. (A crash/ride is one cymbal, as opposed to a separate crash cymbal, and a separate ride cymbal). They are usually 18 inches in diameter, and more common in starter packs.
See also quarter note.
See also rim click. This is the term used for when you play the snare drum rim with the shoulder (or side) of the stick, while pressing down with the palm of your hand on the snare drum head. The resulting sound is a hollow/wood-block type effect, and is a useful musical tool for when the backbeat needs to be more subtle.
See also Hi-Hat cymbals, Crash cymbals, Chinese Cymbals, Splash Cymbals, Effects Cymbals, Ride Cymbals. Cymbals are round metal discs that are an important part of the drum set. Cymbals are manufactured from sheets of metal (referred to as sheet cymbals) or heat-molded and formed in individual casts (know as cast cymbals). A cymbal has three striking areas; the bell (the bell shape in the dead center of the cymbal), the bow (between the bell and the edge), and the edge of the cymbal. Cymbals vary in size from 6 inches in diameter to 24 inches plus, depending on the sub-type of the cymbal (crash, hi hats, china etc).
These are round felts that are used on cymbal and hi hat stands - mainly to protect the cymbal. The felts stop the cymbal from making contact with either the plastic or metal parts of the cymbal stand/wing nuts, thus protecting the cymbal, and also making sure the sound of the cymbal is unimpaired. These felts come with your stand, but it is always a good idea to buy spares as they are easily lost.
These fit over the threaded metal part of the stand (to which you attach the wing nut), and sit on top of the cymbal seat (see Cymbal Seat). They are about one inch in length and are mostly made of plastic, and sometimes rubber. Their function is to make sure that there is no metal on metal contact between the cymbal and the cymbal stand. This protects the cymbal from getting cracked at the center hole.
The cymbal seat is a plastic seat that sits on the top of a cymbal stand, and supports the two felts that cushion a cymbal. The cymbal then “sits” on this attachment, between two felts, before being secured into place via the wing nut. Without the seat, the cymbal would not be secure and may become damaged. They are fitted as standard on all cymbal stands.
See also Boom Cymbal Stand. A cymbal stand is a straight stand, normally in at least two or three height adjustable sections, that holds a cymbal. They have a tripod leg system which can be single or double braced - the latter two terms have their own descriptions in this glossary. Cymbal stands normally vary in weight from lightweight to heavy duty, depending on the size and weight of the cymbal to be mounted.
We refer to “decay” when we talk about how long it takes for a drum to stop resonating, or a cymbal to stop ringing. A drum that has a short and sharp sound in said to have a “quick decay”. The same can be said for a cymbal with minimal ring - such as a splash cymbal, for example.
The stands that support our cymbals and drums have a tripod base. Single braced legs are normally lighter in weight and have one bar with a rubber foot at the end, whereas double braced legs are heavier in weight, and have two bars. This is a little tricky to explain, so we recommend doing an internet search on single and double braced drum hardware, and pay close attention to the leg struts. You’ll see the difference!
In music notation, a dot behind a note (or rest) increases the value of that given note or rest by 50%. This is explained in music notation video 7 in Module 1.
See Dynamic Strokes.
A drumbeat is a rhythmic pattern which is created when our limbs combine to play the individual core parts of the drum set - cymbals, snare drum, bass drum and toms. Drum Ambition videos 1-20 (Module 1) show you the essential core drum beats and fills that you need to know to get started.
This is a tuning device that can help tune your drums quicker and more accurately than by ear. It has a simple clock face display, and measures the tympanic pressure of the drum.
Drum fills are rhythmic patterns that we play mostly on the snare drum and toms. You will find several videos on fills in the main content of Drum Ambition, so be sure to check them out. Drum fills usually occur at “transitional points” in music. For example, when we pass from a verse to a chorus, that can be considered a transitional point. When we pass from a chorus back to a verse, the same applies. There are other appropriate places where drum fills can be used musically - and we discuss them in our videos. Drum fills can vary in length and are an important part of drumming and musicality on the drum set.
This is the modern term for what we used to refer to as “drum skins”. It’s been a long time since we have used calf skins on the drums, and the modern day equivalent uses plastic and and metal rim. Drum heads can be offered in different weights, with the most common being “single ply” or “double ply” heads. Single means there is one layer of plastic, and double ply means there are two. In summary, single ply heads give you a more “open” resonant sound, and double ply gives you a deeper sound, and more depth in tone. (Albeit that much depends on the tuning of the drum, and the composition of the drum shell - i.e wood, metal etc). Be sure to check out our blog on drum head selection. See also batter heads, and resonant heads.
This is a key that is used tune drums, tighten or loosen drum heads, and adjust any item of hardware that has a tension bolt/tension rod attachment. Drum keys are usually supplied when purchasing a snare drum or drum set, and can be purchased individually. They are universal in size.
See Drum Set.
Drumlines are percussion ensembles and are particularly common in US High Schools and Colleges, as well as Drum and Bugle Corps, and Indoor Percussion Ensembles. This group percussion unit consists of snare drums, bass drums, tenor drums (sets of 3, 4, or more drums), and cymbals. Drumlines are a common feature of Marching Bands and Pit Bands. (The latter being a stationary ensemble commonly featured at school and college sporting events).
See also Rock, Fusion and Hybrid sized drum sets. The drum set, or drum kit, refers to the collection of drums and hardware that make up our instrument. It typically consists of a snare drum, bass drum, toms, cymbals, pedals, stands, and don't forget the seat (or throne). The drums themselves usually come in rock, fusion or hybrid sizes, and there are descriptions for each of these within this glossary. Drums that are sold without the pedals and stands are referred to as shell packs. When you hear reference to a “five piece” drum set, this is usually referring to the bass drum, snare drum, and three toms. Hardware is not considered part of the “pieces” in this respect. A “four piece” drum set may have a bass drum, snare drum, and just two toms. Please also refer to the individual descriptions on each drum within this glossary, and also check out our blog on purchasing acoustic drum sets.
See also Drum Heads. We’ve come a long way from when we actually used actual animal skins (mainly calf skins) on our drums. For decades now we have been using manufactured plastic skins that are referred to as Drum Heads. Many drummers still refer to drum heads as “skins”, and some items of hand percussion still have animal skins - particularly authentic African hand drums, for example. Check out “Drum Heads” for more details.
Drum sticks are used for striking the cymbals and the drums, and are typically made of wood, although some companies have created carbon fibre and metal variants. The most common type of wood used for drum sticks is hickory, although oak and maple are also popular alternatives. Oak tends to be a little stronger, while maple is light weight. The average size drumstick is a 5A, and most drum students start off with this stick, although it really depends on how comfortable it feels in your hands. If you need a lighter stick, then you should look at a 7A (commonly used in jazz) or a heavier stick would be a 5B - with heavier still being a 2B. The alpha-numerical classification doesn’t seem to make a huge amount of sense, but the above guidelines should help you in stick selection. There are also many signature models available that are endorsed by popular drummers. Sticks have either a wood tip or a plastic tip - the latter will make your cymbals sound a little brighter in sound when you play with the tip of the stick. Tips can be bullet shaped, beaded, rounded - there are many different options. A safe start for beginners is a 5A wood tips. Be sure to check out our blog on stick selection.
In music, and simply put; dynamics are determined by how hard or soft we play a note. See also Dynamic Strokes. Understanding dynamics is critical in becoming a musical drummer, and we discuss this at length in Drum Set Instruction Lesson 20 (Module 1), as well as other videos along the way.
These strokes are discussed at length in the “Introduction to the Dynamic Strokes” video in Module 1 of Drum Ambition (Lesson 20). They are a series of strokes that include Full, Down, Tap and Up strokes. These strokes are a very important element of building drumset control, and are instrumental in the ability to be musical on the drum set.
This term is given to musical notes that are ⅛ in value. Eight notes are usually identified by their single beam, or single tail/flag. This concept cannot really be explained effectively in a few sentences, but it is explained thoroughly in Music Notation Videos 3 and 4 in Module 1 of Drum Ambition. In England, eighth notes are often referred to as “Quavers”.
This term is given to cymbals that are used for special effects outside the realms of regular crashes, rides and hi-hat cymbals. Good examples would be splash cymbals and china cymbals. Some cymbals have gadgets attached such as tambourine jingles or rivets, and some even have holes in them to give them a very distinctive sound. They all reside in the effects family of cymbal.
Electronic drums are controlled by a sound module, and produce sampled drum sounds that you can play through headphones or an amplifier/speaker. They are a popular alternative to more traditional “Acoustic Drums”, as the volume can be controlled, giving students in particular more flexibility around practice time in noise sensitive environments. Be sure to check out our blog on electronic vs acoustic drums.
A term used to describe very light playing, usually on the bass drum, and often in a "jazz" context.
In the drumming world, the "fulcrum" refers to the point between our thumb and finger, where we lightly grip the stick to maintain control.
See Dynamic Strokes.
Fusion Size Drum Sets.
Typically, a fusion size drumset has a 20 or 22 inch bass drum, and toms that are 10, 12, 14 inch in diameter. This differs from a “Rock” set up, where the bass drum is usually 22 inches in diameter, with the toms being 12, 13 and 16 inch. The trend in recent years has been toward fusion sized sets, since the smaller toms can be positioned closer together making playing more efficient. Some manufacturers have introduced a “hybrid” setup, where the toms are 10, 12, and 16 inch in diameter.
Fills / Fill Ins.
See Drum Fills.
See also Toms. Floor toms are usually 14, 16 or 18 inches in diameter. Floor toms are suspended by three legs, and are not attached to stands. Larger sized drums (14, 16, 18 inches) that do not have legs and are attached to stands are known as “hanging toms”.
These are strokes that are played with a lighter touch. They are normally made using tap strokes (see videos 15 and 20 in Module 1 of Drum Ambition regarding dynamic strokes), and are noted on the music staff in brackets (or parentheses).
The way we hold our drum sticks is referred to as our "grip". There are two primary types of grip: matched grip and traditional grip. The most common types of matched grip are American, French and German.
A groove is another term for a drum beat - where typically the hi hats or ride cymbal combine with the snare and bass drums to create a “groove”. Tom based grooves use the toms, in some cases replacing the hi hats or ride cymbals. There are many musicians and educators that will also present the view that a groove is a “feel thing” - in other words, if a beat is not played with a certain relaxed and musical flow, it is not “grooving”.
This term is given to musical notes whose value is ½. Half notes are usually identified as being a hollow dot with a stem attached. This concept cannot really be explained effectively in a few sentences, but it is explained thoroughly in Music Notation Video 1 and 2 of Module 1 of Drum Ambition. In England, half notes are often referred to as “Minims”.
Instruments in the hand percussion family include tambourines, shakers, bongos, congas, djembes, frame drums and doumbeks. Other percussion instruments are also considered part of the hand percussion family even if they are hit with sticks or beaters and not directly by the hand. These include triangles, guiros, cowbells, pandeiros, wood blocks, and bodhrans. See also Tuned Percussion.
See Floor Toms.
The bass drum and hi hat pedals, and the stands that hold your cymbals and drums are referred to collectively as “hardware”.
This is a pair of cymbals, usually 13 or 14 inches in diameter. They are opened apart and closed together using a foot pedal controller called the Hi-Hat Stand. They can be struck with sticks, or played with the foot pedal. Usually, there are one set of Hi-Hats on a drum set. Additional sets (for double bass playing, or just for more musical options) can be added using a remote hi hat stand (which has a separate pedal and a cable drive system) or an x-hat, which is a shortened top section of a hi hat stand, suspended on a clamp.
See Hi Hat Cymbals.
The steel rims that are fitted to your drums are often referred to as “hoops”. On the bass drum, they are usually much larger, and made of wood, plastic or metal.
Hybrid Sized Drum Sets.
Hybrid sizes usually consist of a 22 inch bass drum, with 10, 12 and 16 inch diameter toms. See also Fusion Sized, and Rock Sized Drum Sets. Also, be sure to check out our blog section for useful information on purchasing acoustic drum sets.
These are the fittings attached to the side of the drum which house the nut boxes and receivers for the tension bolts. See Tension Bolts.
See Bass Drum.
Memory locks are used on cymbal stands and sometimes tom holders, to lock your stands in place. This way, you can attain the same setup every time you pack down and set up your drum set.
A metronome is a device that measures the tempo (or speed) of music in BPM (beats per minute). They are mostly digital, and there are also various smartphone applications and online metronomes that you can use. We talk about the importance of using these in our videos.
Also referred to as bars. Measures are the individual “boxes” on a music staff that contain the music notation. If you were to play one measure four times in succession, you could say that you have played “Four bars of time”. This is a phrase used to tell you that you have repeated a given pattern four times, and you will hear this frequently in our videos.
See Half note.
These are small blue rectangular shaped putty gels that can be applied directly to the drum heads to help reduce resonance. You will see these in our videos, on the top of every drum.
In music notation, notes are assigned “values”, which are based on basic fractions. This cannot be effectively explained in a few sentences, but is thoroughly covered in the Music Notation videos of Drum Ambition, Module 1.
In drumming terms, the order in which we hit the drums and cymbals in a drum fill situation can be referred to as an "orchestration".
See Hand Percussion and Tuned Percussion.
Playing "in the pocket" means that musicians are playing in time, and not shifting ahead, or behind the beat, or deviating from each other.
A practice pad is a rubber pad that can be used to practice sticking, drum set rudiments and dynamic strokes. They vary in size from around 6-14 inches, and the larger variants can usually be mounted on a snare drum stand if desired.
This term is given to musical notes that are ¼ in value. Quarter notes are usually identified as being a filled dot with a stem. This concept cannot really be explained effectively in a few sentences, but it is explained thoroughly in Music Notation Videos 1 and 2 in Module 1 of Drum Ambition. In England, quarter notes are often referred to as “Crotchets”.
See Eighth Notes.
A rack is a long metal bar suspended at either end by two legs/feet. Clamps can be fitted to this bar, on which we are able to mounts drums, cymbal stands, and other items of hardware. They can also have side extension bars to accommodate hanging toms. Using a rack can facilitate less clutter on the floor area around the drums, and can help you position your drums consistently each time.
This term has evolved over recent years. It used to be that rack toms referred to toms that are literally mounted on a rack, and not a bass drum mounted holder. Nowadays though, toms that are not floor toms are often generically referred to as rack toms, regardless of whether they are rack or bass drum mounted.
Remote Hi Hats.
See Hi Hat Cymbals.
This term is used to describe how much a drum “sings” after it has been struck. Typically, the larger the drum in diameter and depth, the more resonance is produced. We associate “resonance” with drums, and “ring” with cymbals.
See also Drum Heads. The resonant head is the drum head on the underside of a snare or tom. It is the front head (non striking side) of a bass drum. Top side heads are referred to as “batter” heads. The same applies to the striking side of a bass drum.
In music notation, rests are used to indicate where not to play. Rests can have values just like their note counterparts, and we explain this in great detail in our music notation videos.
Ride cymbals are typically 18-24 inches in diameter, with the most common being 20” and 22”. Ride cymbals are usually played in place of the hi hats in certain musical situations, and can be struck on the bell, the bow (the middle area between the bell and the edge), and the edge itself.
These are mostly played on the snare drum, and occur when the tip of the drumstick plays the middle of the drum, while the main body of the stick hits the rim of the drum at the same time. This produces a very distinctive sound referred to as a “rimshot”.
This is the term used for playing the snare drum rim with the shoulder (or side) of the stick, while pressing down with the palm of your hand on the snare drum head. The resulting sound is a hollow/wood-block type effect, and is a useful musical tool for when the backbeat needs to be more subtle.
Rock Sized Drum Sets.
Rock sized drums have a 22 inch diameter bass drum, with 12, 13 and 16 inch toms. See also Fusion Sized Drums, and Hybrid Sized Drums. Also, be sure to check out our blog on purchasing acoustic drum sets.
Root Note Sticking.
See also Sticking. Root Note Sticking is a sticking concept where certain notes are assigned either the left or right hand. This is covered in great detail in the music notation videos in Module 1. There is also a blog article on this website specifically on Root Note Sticking, that you might find useful.
The 26 drum set rudiments are a series of sticking patterns that are widely used in drum education. They build control, while opening up a variety of musical options on the drumset. They are discussed in Drumset Instruction Lesson 20 of Drum Ambition (Module 1), and will be covered in greater depth in Module 2.
See Whole Notes.
See Sixteenth Notes.
Individual acoustic drums are made up of shells. The shell refers to the drum before any finishing (painting / plastic wrap), or hardware has been fitted. For example, a drum constructed from Maple is said to have a “Maple Shell”. Don’t be confused by the term “shell pack” - these are completely finished drums, as discussed below.
When buying acoustic drums, many are sold as “shell packs”. This is important, as shell packs include the drums and holders only. Also, holders are not stands - they are literally just the holders that mount the toms. If you buy a shell pack, you are not getting the stands, pedals, seat or cymbals - these are all additional purchases. See our blog on purchasing acoustic drum sets for more information.
The stands that support our cymbals and drums have a tripod base. Single braced legs are normally lighter in weight and have one strut with a rubber foot at the end, whereas double braced legs are heavier in weight, and have two struts. This is a little tricky to explain, so we recommend doing an internet search on single and double braced drum hardware, and pay close attention to the leg struts. You’ll see the difference!
This term is given to musical notes that are 1/16 in value. Sixteenth notes are usually identified by their two beams, or flags/tails. This concept cannot really be explained effectively in a few sentences, but it is explained thoroughly in Music Notation Videos 5 and 6 in Module 1 of Drum Ambition. In England, sixteenth notes are often referred to as “Semi-Quavers”.
Certain sound frequencies will cause the snare wires on a snare drum to resonate and vibrate. This is commonly known as snare buzz. Playing toms that are close to the snare drum, and bass guitar frequencies are the main causes. Snare buzz can be minimized by tightening the snare wires, but cannot be eliminated altogether in a live situation.
The three arms that cradle the snare drum and hold it in place. These can be tightened for a snug grip.
The snare drum is a drum that is positioned next to the Hi Hats, and below the bass drum mounted toms. It is the drum used to create a “back-beat”, and is named as such because it has strands of “snare wires” attached to the bottom head of the drum, giving it a distinctive “popping” sound. Snare drums typically can be 10-14” in diameter, with 14” being the most common. The depth of the drums can generally vary from 3” to 8”, with 5”, 5.5” and 6” being the most common. A snare drum that is 14 inches in diameter and 5 inches in depth would be referred to as a 14x5 in the UK, and 5x14 in the USA. Snare drums are mostly wood or metal shells. Popular wood shells include Maple, Birch, Oak and Walnut. Popular metal shells include Steel, Aluminum, Brass and Copper.
The lever on the side of a snare drum that engages, or disengages the snare wires.
Snare Throw Off.
See Snare Strainer.
See Snare Strainer.
A Splash cymbal is a small cymbal (belonging to the “Effects” family) that produces a high pitched sound. The sound also quickly diminishes, and this is also referred to as a having a quick “decay”. Splash cymbals vary in size from 6 inches in diameter to 12 inches in diameter; the most common sizes being 8” and 10”.
The musical staff is the grid system on which we present musical notation, and consists of five horizontal lines.
When we refer to sticking on the drumset, we are referring to specific notes played by either the right or left hand in a predetermined way. Having an understanding of sticking concepts can help you build control, which in turn can build musicality, dynamics, speed and power. See also Root Note Sticking. The Music Notation videos in Module 1 cover this topic in great detail, and there is also a blog on Sticking that you might find helpful.
See Dynamic Strokes.
Tempo refers to the speed of the music, and is measured in BPM - Beats per minute.
These bolts are effectively threaded rods that attach the steel rims of the drum to the actual shell. By tightening or loosening these bolts, we can adjust the tuning of the drum. Longer variants used for bass drums are referred to as tension rods, or “T-rods”. They can vary in length from one to several inches.
This is the seat on which drummers sit. They are height adjustable, and some come with back rests if desired. It is always advisable to use a dedicated drum throne, and not a household seat or stool. A good throne can help develop good posture, and ultimately better control. We discuss this at length in our Special Feature video, concerning positioning and posture.
You will see the time signature written at the start of a musical piece. The top number tells you how many beats are in the bar (measure) and the bottom number tells you what type of note is equal to one beat. (i.e 4/4 = 4 beats to the bar, each beat equals a quarter note. 6/8 = 6 beats to the bar, each beat equals an eighth note and so forth). 4/4 time is the most common, and hence it is also known a “Common Time”.
Tom is an abbreviated term for “Tom-Tom”. Most drum sets come with at least two toms, and more commonly, three. Some drum sets have more, depending on the preference of the drummer. Toms typically range in size from 8 inches in diameter up to 18 inches. The smaller the diameter of the drum, the higher the pitch. The larger the diameter, the lower the pitch. See also Rack Toms, Floor Toms, and Fusion/Rock/Hybrid Drum Sizes.
These are plastic rings, typically one inch in diameter, that sit on the rim of the drum, atop the drum head. The result is a slight dampening of the resonance of the drum, and a reduction in tone.
This term typically refers to items in the percussion family that are pitched or tunable. Good examples would be timpani, xylophone, vibraphone, bells, glockenspiel and marimba.
See Drum Key.
See Dynamic Strokes.
This term is given to musical notes that are one whole in value. Whole notes are usually identified as being a hollow dot, without a stem. This concept cannot really be explained effectively in a few sentences, but it is explained thoroughly in Music Notation Videos 1 and 2 in Module 1 of Drum Ambition. In England, whole notes are often referred to as “Semibreves”.
See Hi Hat Cymbals.